Since the 2017 travel ban and the intense turmoil over relations in and out of the United States, this article remains relevant to issues of the secure human.


As my husband whipped up our Sunday French Toast, he spouted, "It's the perception of needing a gun that's getting everyone killed." A many time qualified marksman, David flipped two slices with total accuracy while adding "We need to attack the reason Zimmerman felt he needed to carry lethal force. Let the Florida courts convict the crime. Ask ourselves what we are doing to address the problem, that he felt threatened. That's a question that would have protected two lives."

marks·man [mahrks-muhn] noun, plural -men. - 1.a person who is skilled in shooting at a mark; a person who shoots well.

Violence is a disease.  It is treatable, and the process to reduce violent behavior is easily fundable.  "Violence is a serious public health problem in the United States. From infants to the elderly, it affects people in all stages of life. In 2007, more than 18,000 people were victims of homicide and more than 34,000 took their own life. The number of violent deaths tells only part of the story. Many more survive violence and are left with permanent physical and emotional scars. Violence also erodes communities by reducing productivity, decreasing property values, and disrupting social services." CDC is committed to stopping violence before it begins.

Center for Disease Control

Our reaction to the events of the recent tragedy of a young man's wrongful, and likely racially driven homicide, is wrought with fingers pointing to the "Stand Your Ground" law.  We are not asking about the supporting context of a society's responsibility to assure the balanced implementation of programs that teach people to avoid the threat of violence in the first place.

Trayvon Martin, 17, who was wearing a hoodie when he was killed February 26 as he walked back to his father's fiancee's house in Sanford, Florida, after a trip to a convenience store, indicate that Police say he was unarmed, carrying a bag of Skittles candy and an iced tea when he was shot by George Zimmerman, who claims he was acting self-defense. Read more at CNN. Worshippers wear hoodies in Trayvon tribute.

Stop Violence Before It BeginsZimmerman should have been trained in nonviolent restraint.  He is reported to have worked with children.  This critical form of training is supposed to be a mandated competency.  Is the problem that we have a "stand your ground law" or that there wabsolutelyley no indication that these events should have provoked a sense of threat?

Research on homicide in the US appears to have ended in 2005.  We need this study to immediately gain funding and address the behaviors surrounding the implementation of the stand your ground actions in all states where it has been implemented for the last five years.

This research needs to also include a comparative study in money spent towards violence prevention.

Conscience: con·science [kon-shuhns] the inner sense of what is right or wrong in one's conduct or motives, impelling one toward right action: to follow the dictates of conscience.

Stand Your Ground - to refuse to be pushed backwards, or to continue in your beliefs in an argument.  (Definition of stand your ground from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

As read on Wikipedia today:  "Stand-your-ground law" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A stand-your-ground law states that a person may use deadly force in self-defense when there is a reasonable belief of a threat, without an obligation to retreat first. In some cases, a person may use deadly force in public areas without a duty to retreat. Under these legal concepts, a person is justified in using deadly force in certain situations and the "stand your ground" law would be a defense to criminal charges.

More than half of the states in the United States have adopted the Castle doctrine, stating that a person has no duty to retreat when their home is attacked. Some states go a step further, removing the duty of retreat from any location. "Stand Your Ground", "Line In The Sand" or "No Duty To Retreat" laws thus state that a person has no duty or other requirement to abandon a place in which he has a right to be, or to give up ground to an assailant. Under such laws, there is no duty to retreat from anywhere the defender may legally be.[1] Other restrictions may still exist; when in public, a person must be carrying the firearm in a legal manner, whether concealed or openly.

"Stand your ground" governs U.S. federal case law in which self-defense is asserted against a charge of criminal homicide. The Supreme Court ruled in Beard v. U.S. (1895) that a man who was "on his premises" when he came under attack and "...did not provoke the assault, and had at the time reasonable grounds to believe, and in good faith believed, that the deceased intended to take his life, or do him great bodily harm...was not obliged to retreat, nor to consider whether he could safely retreat, but was entitled to stand his ground."[2][3]

In a Minnesota case, State v. Gardner (1905), where a man was acquitted for killing another man who attempted to kill him with a rifle, Judge Jaggard stated:

The doctrine of "retreat to the wall" had its origin [in Medieval England] before the general introduction of guns. Justice demands that its application have due regard to the general use of and to the type of firearms. It would be good sense for the law to require, in many cases, an attempt to escape from a hand to hand encounter with fists, clubs and even knives as a justification for killing in self-defense; while it would be rank folly to require [an attempt to escape] when experienced persons, armed with repeating rifles, face each other in an open space, removed from shelter, with intent to kill or cause great bodily harm[4]

Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. declared in Brown v. United States (256 U.S. 335, 343 (16 May 1921) a case that upheld the "no duty to retreat" maxim that "detached reflection cannot be demanded in the presence of an uplifted knife".[5]